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Veterinary medical terminology by Angela Taibo


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CCL
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cranial cruciate ligament

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Ossification
Process of bone formation
Osseous tissue
Bone tissue
Totus
Muscle tone
Tetany
Continous muscle spasms
Tenosynovitis
Inflammation of the tendon and tendon sheath
Myasthemia
Muscle weakness
Myasthemia gravis
Syndrone of muscular weakness that is aggravated by activity and relieved by rest
Laxity
Looseness
Hypoplasia
Incomplete development due to decrease in cell numbers
Hypertrophy
Excessive development due to INCREASE IN CELL SIZE
Hyperplasia
Increased development due to an increase in cell membranes
Fascia
Fibrous connective tissue that envelopes, separates, and supports the muscles
Atrophy
No development due to a decrease from the normal cell size
Ambulatory
Able to walk
Flexion
Decreasing the angle between two bones at a joint
Extension
Increasing the angle between two bones at a joint
Adduction
Movement TOWARD the midline of the body
Abduction
Movement AWAY from the midline of the body
Visceral muscle; smooth muscle
Smooth,involuntary muscles responsible for the functioning of internal organs
Skeletal muscle
Striated,voluntary muscles attached to bones all over the body
Cardiac muscle
Striated, involuntary muscle found in the heart
CCL
Cranial cruciate ligament
ACL
Anterior cruciate ligament
Subuxation
Partial displacement of a bone from its joint
Luxation
Displacement of bone from its joint
Lame; lameness
Incapable of normal locomotion
Gait
Manner of walking
Tendon
Connective tissue that binds muscle to bone
Synovial membrane
Membrane lining the synovial cavity
Synovial joint
A freely movable joint
Synovial fluid
Viscous fluid within the synovial cavity that acts as a lubricant between bones.
Synobial cavity
Space between bones at a synovial joint which contains synovial fluid
Symphysis
Line or site of union in which two bones are united by fibrocartilage
Suture
Line or site of union of adjoining bones of the skull; stitches to close deep wounds; line or site of union of adjoining bones
Ligament
Connective tissue that binds bone to bone
Bursa
Sac of fluid near a joint
Articulation
Where two or more bones come together; a joint
Tarsus
The hock
Femorotibial joint
Joint between the femur and the tibia
Carpus
Joint consisting of the carpal bones
Reduction
Correction of a fracture
Osteoporosis
Decreased bone density due to loss of bone tissue
Orthopedic
Branch of surgery dealing with the skeletal system
Laminectomy
Removal of part of the vertebral arch to relieve pressure from ruptured IVD
Osteoblast
Immature bone cell
Osteoclast
Bone cell that absorbs and removes bone tissue
Osteocyte
Bone cell
Articular cartilage
Thin layer of cartilage covering the surface of bones at a joint
Calcium
The most abundant mineral in the body
Cancellous bone
Found at the ends of long bones; porous or spongy bone
Collagen
Structural protein making up the white fibrous strands found in bone
Compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that forms the outer layer of bone
Diaphysis
The shaft of a long bone
Endosteum
The inner lining of bone
Epiphyseal plate
Growth plate
Epiphysis
Each end of a long bone
Medullary cavity
Central, hollow-out portion in the shaft of a long bone that contains yellow bone marrow
Metaphysis
The flared potion of a long bone between the epiphyseal plate and diaphysis
Periosteum
Membrane surrounding bone
Red bone marrow
Found in cancellous bone and is the site of hematopoiesis
Yellow bone marrow
Found in the diaphysis of bone and consists of fatty tissue
Long bone
These bones are longer then they are wide.
Short bones
These bones are cuboidal
Flat bones
Two sheets of compact bone that allow for protection
Irregular bones
They share traits with several categories
Acetabulum
Cup-like depression in the pelvis that creates the hip joint
Bone head
Rounded articular process separated from the shaft of the bone by a neck
Condyle
Knuckle-like projections at the distal end of some long bones
Foramen
A hole in bone that allows for the passage of nerves and vessels
Olecranon
Bony process at the proximal end of the ulna
Tubercle
Rounded process of many bones for the attachment of muscles and tendons
Trochanter
Large, blunt, roughened process on the femur for the attachment of muscles and tendons
Tuberosity
Small roughened process on many bones for the attachment of muscles and tendons
Os penis
Bone found in the penis of some carnivores
Achondroplasia
Hereditary condition in which the bones and cartilage of the limbs fail to grow to normal size
Amputation
Removal of a limb or other appendage
Calcification
Deposit of calcium salts in tissue
Crepitation; crepitus
Crackling sound produced by the grating of broken bones
Decalcification
Loss of calcium salts in bone and teeth
Dislocation
Displacement of a bone from its joint
Fracture
Sudden breaking of bone
Herniation of IVD
Abnormal protrusion of an IVD into the neural cavity or spinal nerves
Kyphosis
Hunchback
Lordosis
Sway back
Sesamoid bones
Sesamoid bones are small bones that are embedded in tendons
-emia
Blood condition
-fication
Process of making
-genesis
Producing
-graphy
Process of recording
-ion
Process
-itis
Inflammation
-kinesis
Movement
-malacia
Softening
-metry
Measurement
-oma
Tumor
-osis
Abnormal condition
-pathy
Disease condition
-pexy
Surgical fixation
-physis
To grow
-tomy
Process of cutting into